Halls Lake Benthic Invertebrate Baseline Health Assessment
Prepared by Ian McBain (Trent BIOL-3890Y) for the Halls and Hawk Lake Property Owners Association. Supervised by David Beresford, Trent School of the Environment.
"This project is a part of a larger program aimed at determining the health of Haliburton County’s lakes through the use of benthic macroinvertebrates. The Halls and Hawk Lake Property Owners Association (HHLPOA) was interested in determining the health of their lakes through the collection and analysis of benthic macroinvertebrates; small, spineless organisms that live on the lake bottom. After consultation with the HHLPOA, Ian McBain sampled the selected sites along the shoreline of Halls Lake, identified any benthos down to order, then analyzed the data using internationally recognized indices. While this project is still in its preliminary phase and many years of data are required to determine the health of the lake with any certainty, Ian’s analysis showed that Halls Lake is of adequate health but could likely improve further. A continuation of this project will take place during the Fall of 2020."
An Investigation into Plastic Consumption and Alternatives for the Haliburton County Farmers’ Market
Prepared by Jamie Gallupe and Alissa Sallans (Trent IDST 4820Y) for the Haliburton County Farmers’ Market Association. Supervised by M. Derya Tarhan of the Department of International Development Studies, Trent University.
"This project is an investigation into how single-use plastic consumptions can be reduced at Haliburton County Farmers’ Markets. It includes a literature review of existing alternatives to single-use plastics, surveys and interviews. HCFMA conducted vendor surveys, which Gallupe and Sallans then analyzed. The students also surveyed 145 market customers. Surveys focused on current market practices and opinions on potential improvements as the related to single-use plastics. Interview were also conducted with Market Managers from other Canadian farmers’ markets that have been working to lower their plastic consumption and distribution.
The study showed that 41% of market vendors self-report already avoiding single-use plastics. The most commonly reported single use plastic item at the markets was plastic bags. Customer surveys showed general support for reducing plastic at the markets and that most respondents would be willing to pay slightly more for more sustainable packaging ($0.05-$1.00). Recommendations for HCFMA include posting infographic for customers, creating vendor policies around plastic use, and potentially implementing a reusable dishes program and washing station, and/or conducting a waste audit."
Haliburton Forest Parking Lot Revitalization Follow-up
Prepared by Liam Doyle and Madison Fulmer (ERSC 4830Y) for Haliburton Forest. Supervised by Tom Whillans of the Trent School of the Environment. "This six-part follow-up project is an assessment of Haliburton Forest’s main parking area and includes recommendations to revitalize the space. Part 1 details the history and current state of the forest, establishes a vision for the project, includes a site inventory, and examines site potential and potential challenges. Part 2 contains a detailed literature review of ‘green’ parking lot design and maintenance options including de-icers and dust suppressants options, invasive species management, rainwater capture technology, and innovative pavement options. In Part 3, various potential design options are presented and discussed.
The final site design is presented in Part 4 and followed by Part 5 which summarizes the material and immaterial costs of the design. This section also discusses the benefits associated with the design. The final section, Part 6, provides environmental, social, and economic frameworks and discussions that justify the designs implementation. The final plan includes details for the inclusion of a pavilion, playgrounds, planters, a submarine display, a bird garden, signage, and pervious asphalt (which offers improved drainage over regular paving)."
Calculating the impact of the SIRCH Warehouse (Fleming)
Prepared by the Sustainable Waste Management class from Fleming College for SIRCH. Supervised by Phil Jensen of the Fleming School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences. "SIRCH Thrift Warehouse is an example of a reuse store, and this organization would like to know how much material they are effectively diverting from landfill through their operations. The goal of this report is to outline multiple options that SIRCH could potentially use to quantify the amount of donations they receive. Subsequently, SIRCH can use this information to determine how much material they are diverting from landfill. The student team consulted multiple outside sources to gain an understanding of how other reuse stores quantify their donations. The options that the team explored in Chapter 1 include 1) weighing the items donated, 2) using an average weight and applying it to all donations and 3) associating a weight with a specific volume and quantifying the donations through volume. Chapter 2 makes recommendations for how most donations could be measured by the cubic yard using appropriately sized bins. Chapters 2 and 3 both make recommendations for grant programs related to waste diversion and waste reduction that SIRCH could consider applying to. Also in Chapter 3, student explored examples of existing municipal-thrift partnerships, and what practices could be applied to the SIRCH warehouse. The final chapter is a review of thrifting and thrift stores in Canada."
QEII Moose Species Summary: Examining the Natural and Cultural Significance of the Eastern Moose (Alces alces americana) in Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands Provincial Park
Prepared by Jazlyn Burrell and Sarah Wray (ERSC 4830Y) for Ontario Park. Supervised by Peter Lafleur of the Trent School of the Environment.
"The purpose of this project is to provide an overview of the role of moose in QEII and insights into best management practices. Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands Provincial Park in a non-operating park in South-Central Ontario and falls within two wildlife management unit (WMU). The 33,505-hectare park is mostly with WMU 56, with the northwestern portion of the park being in WMU 53. The park is a mixed wood ecozone and is used for canoeing, hiking, and backcountry camping. The eastern moose plays an important role within this ecosystem as food for large predators, by contributing to nutrient cycling, and as natural vegetation control. They also have cultural significance, especially for the 30 Indigenous communities in the area. The range of eastern moose includes eastern Canada and the northeastern United States. In Ontario, they can be found in northern and central Ontario. Their habitat requirements include areas for foraging, travelling, and for shelter and calving. For their diet they need year-round access to both evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as to aquatic ecosystems such as lakes, rivers, and wetlands in the warmer months. Moose populations in the area have been in decline since the 1990s. The primary factors in moose mortality are climate change, parasites, vehicle collisions, habitat loss, and hunting. Management opportunities include remote sensing, evaluating the need for rut season closures and/or buffers around critical habitat features, opportunities for co-management with local Indigenous communities, and exploring adaptive measure to reduce the climate vulnerability of the eastern moose."